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Robotic and Laparoscopic Surgery

Robotic surgery may not be a term you associate with gynecologic treatment options, but it is becoming more common as physicians are using this minimally invasive technique for hysterectomies, myomectomies, vaginal prolapse repair, cancer removal, and other gynecologic procedures.1 Over the last 20 years, the desire to reduce the impact of surgeries lead to the development of laparoscopic procedures. In laparoscopy, a thin lighted tube is inserted into the surgical area allowing the surgeon to see internal structures without making large incisions. Other surgical tools can be passed through the tube, or secondary, small incisions may be made. Compared to traditional surgery, laparoscopy reduces blood loss, tissue trauma and post-operative recovery time.

Robotic surgery is basically a technological addition to laparoscopy. Robotic surgery uses improved, three dimensional imaging and robotic “hands” which move just like the surgeon’s hands. The use of robotic micro tools allows for a high degree of control and accuracy, and removes tremors associated with the human hand.

Robotic surgery has the same advantages over traditional surgery as does laparoscopy, and may shorten recovery time even more. Studies show that cancer dissections are more accurate with robotic surgery than with laparoscopy. 2 If you are a candidate for robotic surgery, we will discuss the pros and cons with you in detail.

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1, 2 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists press release 2009 (